We will be talking all about the Obesity Causes in this article. The term obesity describes a person who is overweight than normal population of same age and sex. When the term obese come to mind, it defines as a person with a lot of body fat.
There are different ways to define health condition of a person weight respect to body weight. Body Mass Index (BMI) is the most widely used relation to define the health condition of a person compared to body weight.
BMI measure only weathers you are overweight for your height.
For adults, a BMI of
- 18 to 24 defines as a person of healthy weight.
- 25 to 29 defines a person of overweight.
- 30 to 40 defines a person as slightly obese.
- 41 to 50 defines a person as severely obese.
BMI is a common parameter to measure the health condition of people. But it is not applicable to all individual. E.g., a heavily muscular person can have a high BMI even though his health condition fine.
Obesity has appeared as major problems among city dwellers. People are eating more calories of food without any exercise. The excessive consumption of carbohydrates containing food has cause people to have excessive body weight. People are involved in a busy indoor work schedule without any proper exercise to burn calories consumed through different carbohydrates containing foods. People do not have proper knowledge about nutrition and health.
Obesity has caused many health-related problems and psychological issue among people. People are suffering from diabetes, heart condition due to obesity at a young age. Some people have even died prematurely due to diseases insisted by obesity.
Today in this article we are discussing what causes obesity? What is risk associated with obesity? What are health conditions many obese people are suffering from all over the world?
What are obesity causes?
Many people believe that overweight and obesity is due to lack of willpower. It is not entirely true. Many other conditions including genetic and medication also cause obesity. But a large group of people suffered obesity due to lack of willpower. People are not looking after how much food they eat. People are less engaged in physical activities.
Here is some reason what main causes of obesity are.
The energy value of food measured in units is called calories. The amount of calories a physically active man need is about 2500 calories per day whereas physically active women need about 2000 calories per day. Simple meals can provide this much amount of calories in a day.
However, people not involving in physical activity need to consume fewer calories than others. But people are taking more calories even though they are involved in any physical activities.
Obesity does not happen overnight. Overnutrition consumed by an individual and unhealthy lifestyle choices causes obesity.
People are encouraged to eat more amount of processed food rather than home cooked food. This processed food has high-fat content.
People are habitual of drinking alcoholic products such as beer, whisky, wine, vodka etc. these alcoholic products contain high starch content.
People are taking more sugary drinks such as cola, soda etc. on a daily basis. This also become one of the root cause of obesity in people.
Lack of physical activities:
people are searching for comfort in day to day activities. People are using the vehicle to move from one place to another even in a walking distance. People are searching source of entertainment in their TV and web browser instead of going out to playgrounds. Sophisticated machines have replaced that work that people used to by their hand.
If are not active enough, the energy obtained from the food you consumed is stored as fat.
The genetic condition also plays some role in obesity. Prader-Willi syndrome some rare genetic conditions that can cause obesity.
Some people suffer from obesity due to a medical reason. These include Hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome.
What are the effects of obesity?
Obesity causes have a huge effect on personal health as well as the emotional state. Obese people have to deal with discrimination and mockery which cause a negative impact on their physiological state. Some health problem obese people are prone to include.
- Type 2 diabetes
- Heart disease and stroke
- The certain type of cancer
- Sleep apnea
- Fatty liver diseases
- Kidney diseases
- Pregnancy problems, including high blood sugar during pregnancy, high blood pressure, and increased risk for cesarean delivery.
Who is at risk of obesity?
Certain populations are at higher risk of obesity than others. Overweight and obesity are followed by a heart condition, high blood pressure, diabetes. General population who greater risk of obesity include
- Age 60 and above
- Caucasians living in Appalachia
- Latino migrant farm workers
- American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) living on reservations
- African-Americans living in the south
when you have concerns about your waistline, you must watch what you consume.
You cannot control how your body works, but certainly, you can learn how to control your eating and lifestyle habits.
Obesity has become one of the major issues in a 21st generation. People knowingly or unknowingly are consuming more nutrition than required by the body. But the necessary effort should be taken at a global scale to address the problem of obesity that is facing.
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